Conjunctivitis, called “pink eye“, is one of the most widely recognized eye sicknesses. Dry, red, itchy eyes can be symptoms of eye infection. Irritation of conjunctiva, a dainty, straightforward covering that conceals the white of the eye and the lines between the eyelids, causes conjunctivitis. Pink eye infections mostly occur in rainy seasons in unhealthy or unhygienic places.

Surge in eye infection across Karachi

As per the Sindh Health Department, the disease is spreading in Karachi and other metropolitan areas of Sindh, with a few cases reported in Karachi regions. This kind of eye contamination can be brought about by viruses or bacteria and sensitivities. Bacterial conjunctivitis is normal in school-matured youngsters and typically happens between April and December.

Causes of Conjunctivitis

Numerous causes can lead to conjunctivitis, including:

  1. Viral conjunctivitis

It is frequently brought on by viruses, such as adenoviruses. High contact with an infected individual or contaminated surfaces is frequently how this extremely contagious variety spreads.

  1. Bacterial Infections

Different bacterial strains, such as Staphylococcus aureus or Streptococcus pneumoniae, can cause bacterial conjunctivitis. Additionally infectious, it can spread by touch or shared objects.

  1. Allergic Reactions

When some eye drops, pollen, dust mites, pet dander, or other allergens cause the conjunctiva to react. It has a seasonal pattern and is not contagious.

  1. Chemical Irritants

Irritant conjunctivitis can develop due to exposure to harsh chemicals, smoke, or other irritants. This kind usually comes from environmental factors and is not communicable.

Symptoms indicating Conjunctivitis

Common symptoms of conjunctivitis include:

  • Redness in one or both eyes
  • Itchiness or a gritty feeling in the eye
  • Over-the-top tearing or release
  • Enlarged eyelids
  • Aversion to light
  • Obscured vision

Prevention of Pink Eye

Its prevention can be fairly troublesome. However, you can make a few feasible advances to bring down your gamble of getting this eye condition. Here are some speedy and simple methods for shielding your eyes:

  1. Practice Good Hygiene: Frequent hand washing is a simple but essential step in halting the development of conjunctivitis. Remember that touching your face, particularly your eyes, might spread hazardous bacteria.
  2. Maintain Individual Items Personal: If you have conjunctivitis, it is best to avoid sharing personal objects like towels, pillowcases, or eye cosmetics. This straightforward gesture of kindness can significantly reduce the spread of the disease.
  3. Think about Inoculation: Vaccination can safeguard against certain types of conjunctivitis, for example, those brought about by Adenovirus. Talk with your doctor to decide whether this option suits you or not.
  4. Allergen Mindfulness: Distinguish and avoid allergens, assuming that you experience the ill effects of hypersensitive conjunctivitis welcomed on by dust, residue, or pet dander. This could include keeping windows shut during high dust seasons or utilizing air purifiers to lessen indoor allergen levels.

By including these doable steps in your everyday routine, you may greatly lower your risk of developing conjunctivitis and keep healthier, happier eyes. 

Risk Factors Contributing to Conjunctivitis

Several factors can increase your susceptibility to conjunctivitis:

  • Close contact with an infected person
  • Seasonal allergies
  • Recent respiratory or upper respiratory tract infection
  • Weakened immune system
  • Exposure to irritants or chemicals

Tests and Diagnosis for Pink Eye Infection

A regular diagnosis of conjunctivitis involves a thorough eye examination by a medical care specialist. Depending on the reason, they may perform additional tests, for example, swabs or cultures, to distinguish specific microorganisms.

Treatment for Pink Eye

Contingent upon the fundamental reason for conjunctivitis, numerous medicines are accessible:

  • Viral Conjunctivitis: Within a couple of days to seven days, viral conjunctivitis normally disappears all alone. Artificial tears and cold compresses can help alleviate discomfort, while antiviral medications may be prescribed for severe cases.
  • Bacterial Conjunctivitis: Anti-infection eye drops or balms are frequently recommended to treat bacterial conjunctivitis. Finishing the full course of anti-infection agents is vital, regardless of whether side effects move along.
  • Allergic Conjunctivitis: Allergic conjunctivitis is treated by avoiding allergens whenever the situation allows and utilizing allergy medicine, eye drops, or oral prescriptions to control symptoms.
  • Irritant Conjunctivitis: If the irritation is due to exposure to chemicals or irritants, thorough eye flushing with saline solution is essential. Consultation with a healthcare professional may be needed if symptoms persist.


Conjunctivitis is a common eye disease characterized by redness, irritation, and discharge. Various factors, for example, infections, microbes, allergens, and aging, bring it on. Preventive measures include good hygiene, avoiding sharing personal items, considering vaccination, and being aware of allergens. Seeking prompt medical attention is crucial for proper diagnosis and treatment tailored to the specific cause. 


1.  Is conjunctivitis a serious issue?

Conjunctivitis usually heals on its own within one to two weeks. If your symptoms persist, you should see an ophthalmologist. You can make sure you don’t have a more serious eye condition.

2. Is pink eye contagious? 

Conjunctivitis (pink eye) caused by viruses and bacteria is extremely contagious. They spread easily from person to person. The allergic conjunctivitis, on the other hand, is not contagious.

3.  Is screen time bad for conjunctivitis?

It is recommended to refrain from viewing movies or playing video games. However, if using the screen, wipe everything, including the remote control, phone, kitchen appliances, etc.

Samreen is a pharmacist and content strategist, excelling in the formulation of both medical and general content. Harnessing her profound expertise, she adeptly positions brand narratives. She consistently delivers content that not only captivates but also achieves tangible outcomes, solidifying her stature in the realm of digital marketing.

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